Battery MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet

Section 1 - Identification

Product Name:

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Batteries

Chemical Reaction:

4Li + 2SOCl2 4LiCl + S + SO2
Lithium (Li); (CAS# 7439-93-2, ACGIHTLV – Not Established)
Thionyl Chloride (SOCl2); (CAS# 7719-09-7, ACGIHTLV – 4.9 mg/m3)
Lithium Chloride (LiCl); (CAS# 7447-41-8, ACGIHTLV – Not EST’d.)

Section 2 – Physical Data

Boiling Point: N/A

Specific Gravity: N/A Vapor Pressure: N/A

Melting Point: N/A

Water Soluble: N/A

Evaporation Rate: N/A Vapor Density: N/A

Water Reactive:

If opened, the ingredients hydrolyze to form SO2 and HCl upon contact with water


Cylindrical Odor: If leaking, sharp, pungent odor

Section 3 – Fire and Explosion Hazard Data

Water Soluble: N/A

Flammable Limits: N/A Auto Ignition: N/A

Extinguisher Media:

Lith-X or other metal (Class D) fire extinguisher powder.

Special Fire Fighting Procedures:

Do not use water, sand, carbon dioxide, or soda ash extinguisher. Wear protective breathing apparatus and protective garments.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards:

Do not short circuit, recharge, over discharge, puncture, incinerate, crush or expose to temperature above the temperature rating of the battery.

Section 4 – Reactivity Data



Conditions to Avoid:

Fire, heat over temperature rating of battery, electrical shorting, recharging or disassembly.


Do not expose internal components to water

Hazardous Decomposition:

SO2, HCl

Section 5 – Health Hazard Data

Routes of Entry:
(under normal conditions)

Inhalation – No Ingestion – No Skin – No

Health Hazard:

None, Updated February 18, 2009

Carcinogen Listed in:

Not listed

Signs and Symptoms of Exposure:

None, unless battery ruptures. In the event of rupture and exposure to internal contents, corrosive fumes will be very irritating to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Overexposure can cause symptoms of non-fibrotic lung injury andmembrane inflammation.

Medical Conditions Aggravated by Exposure:

In the event of exposure to internal contents, eczema, skin allergies, asthma, lung injuries and other respiratory disorders may occur.

Emergency First Aid Procedures

Eye Contact:

Flush with running water for at least 15 minutes, Hold eyelids apart. Seek immediate treatment.

Skin Contact:

Rinse with large amounts of running water. If burns develop, seek medical help.


Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen and seek medical treatment.


Seek immediate medical treatment.

Section 6 – Precautions for Safe Handling and Use

Steps to be taken if Material is Spilled or Released:

Do not breathe vapors of or touch liquid with bare hands.

Waste Disposal Method:

Neutralize spill with soda lime, seal leaking battery and soda lime in plastic bag and dispose of as hazardous waste.

Precautions to be taken in:

Do not short circuit or expose to temperatures above the temperature.

Handling and Storage:

Rating of the battery, recharge, over discharge, punctures or crushes.

Other Precautions and /or Special Hazards:

Do not store batteries in high humidity environments for long periods of time. High temperature storage will degrade performance.

Section 7 – Control Measures

Eye Protection:



In the event of leakage, wear gloves

Respiratory Protection:

As in the case of any fire situation, use self-contained breathing apparatus

Other Protective Clothing:

In the event of leakage, wear chemical apron.


Local Exhaust Yes Mechanical N/A
Special N/A Other N/A

Section 8 – Transportation

US DOT (per 49 CFR Parts 172) and IATA/ICAO

Proper Shipping Name:

Lithium Metal Batteries UN Number: UN 3090

Hazard Classification:

Class 9 (Miscellaneous) Packing Group: II

Labels Required:

Other: Cargo Aircraft Only

Non-Hazardous Batteries
(Per IATA and US DOT)

If the cells contain less than 0.5 grams of lithium and the batteries contain less than 1.0 grams total quantity of lithium (see battery label), they are not restricted for shipping purposes.

Section 9 – Disposal

Proper Shipping Name:

Waste Lithium Batteries
UN Number: UN 3090

Hazard Classification:

Class 9 (Miscellaneous)
Packing Group : II

Labels Required:

Miscellaneous, Hazardous Waste
Disposal Code: D003


All lithium/thionyl Chloride batteries should be disposed of by a proper disposal facility.